Eye examination is a series of tests performed by an ophthalmologist, optometrist, or orthoptist assessing vision and ability to focus on and discern objects, as well as other tests and examinations pertaining to the eyes. Health care professionals often recommend that all people should have periodic and thorough eye examinations as part of routine primary care, especially since many eye diseases are asymptomatic.

Eye examinations may detect potentially treatable blinding eye diseases, ocular manifestations of systemic disease, or signs of tumours or other anomalies of the brain.

Basic Examination

  • Visual acuity
  • Pupil function
  • Ocular motility
  • Visual field (confrontation) testing
  • External examination
  • Slit-lamp
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Retinal examination

Eye Exams for Children

kidChildren should have their first eye exam at 6 months old. If a parent suspects something is wrong an ophthalmologist can check even earlier.

Early eye exams are important, because children need these basic visual skills for learning.

  • Near vision
  • Distance vision: Tumbling E chart, Landolt C chart
  • Eye teaming (binocularity)
  • Eye movement
  • Accommodation (focusing skills)
  • Peripheral vision
  • Eye–hand coordination